July Birthstone: Ruby

July Birthstone: Ruby

July’s birthstone, ruby got its name from Latin word “ruber” which means red. The sizzling and appealing Ruby is the stone of desire and passion. Rubies have long been recognized as the stone able to protect its wearer. Almost all the gem lover knows about Ruby. It was always a fashionable stone for centuries and as it’s a rare one, it even worth’s more if compared with the best diamond. Do you love red? If you want to make a complete outfit based on ruby the deep red birthstone, you will get complements from everywhere you go. Yes, the simple outfit (maybe something cuter), a pair of bright red ruby earrings and red shoes that really exposes. You don’t need a lot of stones in your erring, ring, bracelet or any other jewelry in order to create an impression. If you go shopping, you may want to wear a short black dress with a pair of red daring heels and finally a red ruby pendant or bracelet.

Now if you don’t even know about birthstones then you didn’t understand anything above. Ruby is the birthstone for July which is one of the twelve sections of Zodiac. Since the ancient times birthstones have been around and people used as luxury jewelry items. In those days some of the people even believed that birthstones can hold various magical forces which could guard the wearer or proprietor of the stone. These birthstones were usually believed to be connected to the Zodiac. Nevertheless, current birthstones are allied to the 12 months of the English calendar. Each month has a unique birthstone of its own along with its magical properties. People who believe in this myth love to wear their birthstone in any kind of jewelry. They believe that like the ancient time these stones will still help them to get success in the way of life.

So if you want to have birthstone jewelry then you can easily get one online. There are so many online jewelry providers available who provides 100% quality materials. There are so many designs of any jewelry you may want. There are ruby earring, ring, bracelet, locket, necklace and other jewelry types waiting to amaze you and everyone who notices it.



How to select a suitable Pool Cleaner

How to select a suitable Pool Cleaner


When shopping for the best pool cleaner, the first few things one needs to consider are: if it is compatible with the pool one owns and will get the job done easily and quickly. It is important to understand the different types of pool cleaning machines available and to select the most suitable equipment.

 Suction pool cleaner: This is the most popular and economical type of cleaner. It is compatible with any type of swimming pool. The hose is connected to the skimmer and the suction is achieved with the help of the pool’s main pump. The machine traverses around the pool in random patterns and collects dirt particles into the pool’s main filter. The machine is easy to maintain and install but it is not suitable for collecting a lot of leaves. The suction process depends on the pressure from the filter; therefore, it is very important to always keep the filter clean. It is the best pool cleaner for cleaning out fine particles like sand or dust from the pool.

 Pressure pool cleaner:  They are more expensive and efficient than suction cleaners. It requires a booster pump to provide pressure into the pool. The pressure of the water propels the cleaner, which collects dirt and debris into the pool’s main filter. Some models come with their own filtration bag. This is a suitable choice for pools surrounded by trees; it can effectively handle leaves, nuts and acorns.

 Robotic pool cleaners: These types come with several advanced features and are able to clean and scrub the pool completely. They can remove any type of debris from the water, and scrub the tiles up to the water line. It can also effortlessly clean and scrub steps, if the pool has any. They have their own filtration system and do not require the pool’s main filter. It efficiently circulates the pool water and collects leaves, dirt and other debris into an internal bag. It is the best pool cleaner in terms of automation and complete efficient cleaning. They are quite portable and most models come with a remote control for settings and navigation. They are designed using advanced technology, which makes them very convenient to use. The high price is a major drawback of a robotic cleaner. It is also difficult to get it repaired in a local repair shop in case it breaks down. 



A guide to pool cleaning machineries

A guide to pool cleaning machineries


It is crucial to clean and treat the water in a swimming pool using proper methods and machineries. This is important not just to enhance the sanitation level and appearance of the pool, but also to protect one’s investment. Most people now use an Automatic Pool Cleaner to maintain the water in a swimming pool. There are a variety of pool-cleaning device in the market that are energy efficient and require very less effort to operate. Brands that manufacture pool cleaners also usually have a line of salt and pool chlorinators to automatically check and balance the amount of chlorine and other chemicals that is essential to the pool water.


An automated pool cleaner is a cleaning machine that is usually designed to collect sediments and debris without any human intervention, from swimming pool waters. The most common types used for normal sized pools are vacuum cleaners. There are also manually operated wands and battery-powered cleaners which are suitable for hot tubs, small spas, and wading or kiddie pools. A battery-powered Automatic Pool Cleaner can be maneuvered by a telescopic pole attached to it and is powered by rechargeable batteries.


Types of automatic or automated swimming pool cleaners based on the source of power and drive mechanism:


1) Pressure-side: In most of these types of models, a booster pump is utilized to further pressurize the water inflow. It utilizes the venturi effect (water is passed through a constriction section of a pipe to drop the fluid pressure) for debris suction and locomotion. It navigates in a random course to clean the entire pool. The use of a booster pump makes this type of cleaner a relatively higher consumer of electricity compared to other models.


2) Suction-side: In this type of model, the debris collection and locomotion is initiated by the water pumped out of the pool through its skimmers. This is the most popular and affordable Automatic Pool Cleaner. It utilizes the suction action of the Pool’s pump to traverse the walls and floor of the pool to collect debris and sediments.


3) Electric-robotic: These types of pool cleaning models do not depend on the

Pool’s pump system or main filter. They are powered by a separate electric source, usually in the form of a transformer. They have two internal motors: The first one act like a brush and helps to get rid of particles from the pool floor. The second one sucks in water and returns the filtered water back to the pool.

Keratin clarifying shampoos

Keratin clarifying shampoos

One of the most disturbing features of the clarifying process has been in the recent past how to deal with the issue of keratin on the hair. The first step is to ensure that the hair is free from the residual build ups. This is usually referred as pre keratin clarifying. The best which can be done during this stage is to use a salt free clarifying shampoo formulation. Ensure that the hair is clean before any form of keratin clarifying.

There are some shampoos that can work just fine when used when intending to do the keratin clarifying, certain shampoos that contain sodium can sometimes react negatively with certain shampoos, and they can remove any other keratin which was used on the hair recently making the hair lifeless. This is the reason it is important to stay away from salt formulations when intending to do a keratin clarifying.

Though there are so many specialized products which have been found to work just fine with the hair in this process but one must just keep to the basics of trying to keep away from the salts. It is also important to use certain leave in conditioners which improve the resilience of the hair after applying keratin. These are usually applied in between the rinses because they give the hair an added protection by creating an invisible seal.

When the keratin has been applied, there are some conditioners and treatment which are important in keeping the hair lively. Certain natural hair cosmetic additives which give the hair a glossy feel. These are in most cases called hydrating shampoos which are mostly made from certain natural oils like macadamia nut oils. The pampering feel they provide on the hair.

The hair clarifying using keratin is thus an intricate affair which needs to be done with care; most of the process needs an input from professional hair stylist who knows how to balance the chemical nature of the hair. Though not all clarifying shampoos are perfect in this area, but the onus rests with the buyer to check and ascertain the best to use.


Citrine Gem: History and Properties

Citrine Gem: History and Properties

 Citrine belongs to the mineral family Quartz and is commonly found in India, Sri Lanka, Brazil and Madagascar. The word “Citrine” (citrino in Italian) is derived from the French word “citron” because of its yellow color. The name was made official when Georg Bauer, a German metallurgist (known as the father of modern mineralogy) used the term in a paper about jewelry and gemstones.  It resembles the topaz gem in appearance but has less brilliance and is comparatively softer. Citrine is an important gemstone in Greek history and has been used since the Hellenistic period (from the 4th to the end of the 1st century BC) on tools and in jewelry. The 17th century Scottish weapon makers used a single large crystal as the handle of a dagger. Citrine became a popular gemstone for the traditional Scottish shoulder brooches and kilt pins, due to Queen Victoria’s fascination with the precious stone. The gem rose to fame again in the early part of the 20th century during the Art Deco period. Citrine was used as an important ornament in excellent pieces of clothing, interior design, appliances, jewelry, furniture and architecture.  


 It occurs in nature as a transparent, course grained variety of tectosilicate quartz. The beautiful yellow color of Citrine is attributed to the iron present in it. The golden color type gets its tint from the presence of iron ions (Fe3). The darker shades have a higher price value. The crystalline varieties can come in multi-color. Purple amethyst can be converted to Citrine through treatment. Much of the gold, yellow and orange types in the gem markets today are heat-treated amethyst. The gemstone can be artificially produced in a lab. This synthetic Citrine has very similar properties as the naturally occurring type, which makes the identification process very difficult. Lab-grown or artificial Citrine is manufactured by growing quartz in a hydrothermal solution in an autoclave (a pressure vessel). A feed material called lascas is used in the vessel, which dissolves in the hotter zone and gets redeposited in the cooler zone. The process involves exerting different temperatures and pressures in different areas of the pressure vessel. The resulting deposits form the synthetic Citrine. The whole process of creating synthetic Citrine can take up to 60 days.




Among the gemstones, the emerald birthstone is regarded to have weaker resistance to breakage if put on the moh’s scale of mineral hardness. This precious stone is mostly greenish in color and thus its name which in all the French, Greek and Latin implies green. It has been a very popular gemstone attached to the month of May as a birthstone. Several cultures have always held the use of emerald in awe; it was associated with greatness as believed in the Latin society.

The clarity of emerald has always used to check the quality of the birthstone, thus it has always been checked against water clarity. This is further reinforced by the use of several properties of color and cut are other basis of ensuring that a particular piece of stone is of the desired quality. To improve certain aspects of the emerald gemstone, there has been advancement in the different unique treatments of the emerald gemstone. For instance, the oiling of certain stones improves their clarity making them more desirable to the buyers.

Technological advancement has also enabled the production of several synthetic emerald types which have greatly supplemented the mined emerald which is spread in several parts of the globe, making the gemstone readily available in the market. In turn the pressure on its supply and demand is greatly minimal making it some of the less fought about mineral despite its value.

Over the years, the emerald gem has been a popular stone used in the making of high quality jewelry pieces, pendants and other amulets worn both to protect and for aesthetic value. Certain pieces of jewels are made a mixture of the emerald and gold and other precious minerals improving their quality and prize.  Their resemblances in appearance to diamond sometimes make it to be easy to confuse despite the difference in hardness levels.

Emerald made jewelry are retailed at different prizes depending on the consumers’ taste, economic level and other factors, these shops are either the online stores and the other stores stocking the jewelry. The user has to just shop around and select the desired piece of jewel.


Why the hype with June birthstones?

  Why the hype with June birthstones?

The myths surrounding the concept of birthstones and what is associated with them has been around for several centuries now. The therapeutic influence of the birthstones and their representative value dates back in history to the days of the historian Josephus, the ancient historian who arranged the twelve stones and gave a connection between them and connected them to the twelve Israeli tribes in Aarons breast plate, he was later able to connect this to the twelve months of the year.

Several facts have been put across in discourse, but in his hypothesis, Josephus saw the foundation stones of the New Jerusalem as represented in the twelve stones. Over several centuries, treaties were done by inscribing names of people making them and their moral characteristics. This development led to the birth of the belief in birth stones which brought the belief in the wearing of twelve different stones each month of the year.

According to the Gregorian calendar later on, different st5ones were therefore associated with particular months of the year. June birthstones are slated as pearls, moonstones and alexandrite .the classification was done depending on the quality of the gemstone and what it represents.

Birthstones are thus important in the beauty industry because they are used to make rings and pendants meant to be worn that particular month in question to bring luck and health. June birthstone is basically pearls though, moonstones and alexandrite’s are all part of the precious gemstones associated with the month of June.

June birthstones are therefore important for their use in the beauty industry and their representative value according to the mythical belief in birthstones.in addition; birthstones help raise self-esteem and confidence

In the modern era, tastes and preferences have super ceded the original belief in the birthstones. Certain birthstones are worn to symbolize certain aspects ,for instance the Gregorian birthstone  poems gives a glimpse that the ring of agate is to be worn in the month of June and is associated with health, wealth and long life.

The birthstones are therefore a reality of the modern era inherited from history. Though associated in some way with Christianity, it is not a generally accepted practice in Christianity in itself.

June birthstones-myths and reality

June birthstones-myths and reality

Without a doubt, the belief in birthstones is full of intrigues. The mythical ideas associated with them and the religious angle associated with them is as weird as their uses and application. Associated with several superstitious beliefs, birthstones are revered and feared in equal measure.

The Christian adoption of the Gregorian calendar and the historical connotation as brought across by Josephus are two major conflicts of the Christian belief .while the Gregorian calendar is widely accepted, the concept of the twelve stones representing the twelve tribes of Israel and the belief of the twelve stones representing the twelve months and the beliefs associated are not accepted in the Christian doctrine.

The uses of the birth stones as amulets for protection are another point of departure from the supposed Christian doctrine on the Israeli nation and are embroiled in a heated discourse. The Christian clergy are not in agreement concerning the birthstones and the belief in luck brought by the birthstones.

The advocates of the belief in birthstones exploit the belief among the well to do in the society that birthstones bring luck to increase their market sales. Human beliefs in the spirits, witchcraft and charms further promote the position as expounded by the supporters of the birthstone myth. Thus the weakness in the human mind is brought to the fore-how can a mere item bring luck? I posed. But in reality, humans guided by the unseen fear have made the idea such a reality!

Maintaining twelve highly priced birthstones may not be economically savvy, this is more of a fallacy than a reality in economic sense to the under privileged in the society .can the poor manage it? The answer is no. Therefore, birthstones are for use by the rich, and the poor cannot experience the supposed luck they portend.

In conclusion, the use of the birthstones is noble especially if used to advance the concept of beauty, but when used as a tool to brainwash people, then its importance is lost. Further analysis on the cost concept is worth review if the poor were also to be accorded the chance to have a feeling at owning these important birthstones.


Benefits of wearing emerald gemstone

Benefits of wearing emerald gemstone

Emerald is one of the valuable gemstone that is known to have a number of benefits. People wear the gemstone to have a healthy and peaceful life. This gemstone can be found in various countries like – Brazil, Russia, Pakistan, India etc. According to astrologers, people who have weak mercury can face problems, which can be removed by wearing emerald in a pendant or a ring. There are a number of characteristics of emerald stone, some of which can be described as below –

  • People who are advised to wear emerald can have a peaceful married life. The stone help people in understanding and maintaining harmony in their family.
  • It is ideal for students who lack concentration. This gemstone has the power to enhance concentration skills which results in their success.
  • This stone is considered to remove evil effect. People who feel that they are facing negative impact of their deeds can wear this stone to nullify the negative impact.
  •  This stone is recommended for people who are looking for promotion in their career as well as students who are preparing for competitive exams.
  • Some people face the problem of minor health issues every now and then.  Emerald is known to solve the health issues that are related to brain and nervous system. People with speech problem can wear this gemstone to avail it benefits.
  • Some of the common health problems that are known to be treated by this gemstone include – ulcer, amnesia, asthma, cardiac problems and many other.
  • It is also supposed to cure paralysis, eye related problems. Breast, mouth and stomach cancer. In order to avail the benefits of this gemstone completely, one should wear this in combination with other powerful gemstones. 
  • This gem stone is meant for the people who are born in the month of May. This is considered as the tone of God Venus and enhances the success rate in life. Professionals who are in the field of writing, science, real estate,   medicine etc can benefit a lot by wearing emerald. Because of the masculine imagery of the august gemstones, they are mostly found on male jewelry though the precious stone is used across the gender divide, so try one if you were born in this month.

With so many benefits and advantages, it is considered as one of the popular gemstones.

Dayuan’s subordination exerted huge influence to other states

He sent his prince to the Han Dynasty as hostage and gave the latter the “heavenly horse” as tribute, thus maintaining Dayuan’s status of being ally and vassal state of the Han Dynasty.

Dayuan’s subordination exerted huge influence to other states in the Western Regions. They forged alliance with the Han Dynasty one after another, paying tributes and sending sons over as hostage. Even in those states where the rulers wished to follow the Huns, there was opposition in the country. For example, the king of Loulan Angui was loyal to the Huns, which aroused disapproval from his brother Yutuqi. In 77 BC (the 4th year of Yuanfeng reign), the Han Dynasty unseated Angui, installed Yutuqi as the king, and married the new king a maid of honor in the Han court. Aferwards Loulan was renamed     and the southern route of the Western Regions became unimpeded


It was a different story in the case of Cheshi (previously known as Gushi). Given their geographical proximity, Cheshi was still under direct control of the Huns, which meant that the traffic along the northern route of the Western Regions was blocked. Therefore, the Han Dynasty must compete with the Huns for Cheshi. The famous Cheshi war went through 5 major battles in about 40 years, from 99 BC to 60 BC, until the final victory of the Han Dynasty. By then, the northern route, and moreover, the road leading to further west from Cheshi, was in the control of the Han Dynasty. The last remaining power in the Western Regions submitted to the authority of the Central Plains. The Western Regions were no longer in subordination to the Huns.

In 60 BC (the 2nd year of Shenjue reign), the Rizhu King of the Huns surrendered to the Han Dynasty, and the Hun forces finally pulled out of the Western Regions. In the Huns’ place was the Han Dynasty, which unified the Western Regions. From then on, the Western Regions was officially put under the rule of the central kingdoms.

The Eastern Han Dynasty was founded in 25 AD. Cashing in on the change of regime on the Central Plains, the Huns started to compete with the Eastern Han for the Western Regions. The Eastern Han was weaker than the Western Han Dynasty. According to Book of Later Han, “from the

Jianwu reign to Yanguang reign Viajes a Hubei, wuhan, traffic to and from the Western Regions was thrice off and thrice on”, which was a succinct summary of the competition for the Western Regions by the two sides. The so- called “on” and “off’ referred to the alternate control of the Western Regions by the Huns and the Central Plains dynasty.